Wheat

Resource Library

  • Publications
  • Articles
  • Videos
  • News
  • Events

    Maximize Your Best Asset – Your Employees

    There never seems to be a slow time around a farm or ranch. The to do list is always there, and as a result farm owners and managers who oversee employees and or work alongside family members sometimes can overlook how important it is to allocate time to enhance the skills and abilities of those who work for you. There are great opportunities year round, such as tours, field days and seminars employers can take advantage of as continued educational opportunities for your employees.

    Read More »

    Tips for Reducing Conflict During Agriculture’s Busy Time

    For those involved in the day-to-day workings of agriculture you know things are getting busier and busier as we move into spring. Calving season is in full swing meaning late night checks or even a 3 a.m. wake up call to make sure all is fine. Those involved in crop production are preparing equipment and making the necessary final seed orders to be ready to hit the field as soon as possible. The result is long days ahead for agricultural producers, their employees and families. In times like these, stress builds, tempers can get short and adequate communication can oftentimes fall by the wayside.

    Read More »

    The South Dakota Wetland Exchange

    According to the South Dakota Farm Bureau, a proposal currently under review by the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) may soon create the framework for South Dakota’s first agricultural wetland mitigation bank. Wayne Smith, Wetlands & Land Use Specialist with the SD Farm Bureau, explained that the process began in 2014 when the Bureau received a SD NRCS Conservation Innovation Grant (CIG) to create the framework under which a mitigation bank would operate. That product was turned back over to SD NRCS in September 2015, which has since been elevated to Washington D.C. for review and approval.

    Read More »

    Ag Employees First Day on the Job vs. Employee Retention

    Many employers complain, including those in agriculture, that they can’t keep people around. Statements such as “we just get them trained and they leave” are common. If this statement is all too familiar, you may need to take a look at your “onboarding” program. Many have heard that statement that “first impressions are lasting impressions”, this is also true when it comes to retention of employees.

    Read More »

    Northeast South Dakota: 2016 Potential Crop Profitability

    An analysis of the potential profitability of crops for 2016 for Northeast South Dakota was performed. This study examined returns given modified South Dakota State University Extension crop budgets for central & east mid production areas that include estimates for both direct and fixed costs.

    Read More »

    East Central South Dakota: 2016 Potential Crop Profitability

    An analysis of the potential profitability of crops for 2016 for East Central South Dakota was performed. This study examined returns given modified South Dakota State University Extension crop budgets for central & east mid/high production areas that include estimates for both direct and fixed costs

    Read More »

    Southeast South Dakota: 2016 Potential Crop Profitability

    An analysis of the potential profitability of crops for 2016 for Southeast South Dakota was performed. This study examined returns given modified South Dakota State University Extension crop budgets for central & east mid/high production areas that include estimates for both direct and fixed costs.

    Read More »

    North Central South Dakota: 2016 Potential Crop Profitability

    An analysis of the potential profitability of crops for 2016 for North Central South Dakota was performed. This study examined returns given modified South Dakota State University Extension crop budgets for central & west production areas that include estimates for both direct and fixed costs.

    Read More »

    South Central South Dakota: 2016 Potential Crop Profitability

    An analysis of the potential profitability of crops for 2016 for South Central South Dakota was performed. This study examined returns given modified South Dakota State University Extension crop budgets for central & west production areas that include estimates for both direct and fixed costs.

    Read More »

    Central South Dakota: 2016 Potential Crop Profitability

    An analysis of the potential profitability of crops for 2016 for Central South Dakota was performed. This study examined returns given modified South Dakota State University Extension crop budgets for central & west production areas that include estimates for both direct and fixed costs. This analysis also incorporates risk associated with yields, crop prices, and fertilizer prices. Distributions for the risk variables were developed to include in the model.

    Read More »

    Fungicide Application at Wheat Flowering: Using scab prediction tools to aid decision

    Winter wheat is beginning to flower or will soon be flowering throughout the state. This wheat growth stage is susceptible to scab or Fusarium head blight (FHB) development. Scab is caused by a fungal pathogen which infects wheat through the flower. Rainfall during wheat heading through post flowering is the main risk factor for scab.

    Read More »

    2016 SDSU Extension Wheat Walk Summary

    Last week, SDSU Extension Field and State Specialists were out in wheat fields near Watertown, Clark, Aberdeen, Pierre, and Wall for the annual Wheat Walks. We had a great turnout of attendees (producers and agronomists) and we think the well-timed rain event during the Wheat Walks may have worked in our favor. The SDSU Extension Wheat Walks were funded by the South Dakota Wheat Commission.

    Read More »

    SDSU Extension West River Field School: June 28 at Dakota Lakes Research Farm

    The 2016 SDSU Extension West River Field School is June 28 at the Dakota Lakes Research Farm near Pierre, SD. This year (2016) will mark the second year for this successful field event, which is geared to crop advisors and others who work with farmers and ranchers in central and western South Dakota.

    Read More »

    Wheat Fungicide Applications: Apply at flag leaf or wait for flowering growth stage?

    With the rains that we’ve had so far throughout the state this spring, moderate levels of some wheat leaf diseases are developing, notably powdery mildew, stripe rust, and tan spot. Some producers are wondering whether to apply a fungicide now that wheat is at flag leaf growth stage, or wait and apply when the wheat is at flowering to manage both the leaf diseases and Fusarium head blight (FHB).

    Read More »

    Soil Stewardship for Healthy Landscapes

    During the middle of the 20th Century, a European visitor asked an Iowa farmer, “how deep does your black soil go?” to which the farmer is reported to have answered “All the way, I guess.” This rich, black topsoil, that has supported agriculture and, indeed, national prosperity since the time of settlement in the nineteenth century, resulted from long-term development beneath the extensive Great Plains prairies.

    Read More »

    2016 SDSU Extension Wheat Walks

    SDSU Extension will host Wheat Walks near Clark and Aberdeen on May 25 and near Pierre and Wall on May 26, 2016. The goal of these events is to provide wheat producers with the latest information to effectively manage their crop. SDSU Extension Agronomy Field and State Specialists will be on hand at each location to discuss plant pathology, weed control, entomology, soil fertility and agronomic information. Each specialist will give a brief presentation, followed by time for discussion and questions for the specialists.

    Read More »

    Who Are Agricultural Leaders?

    Researchers have proven anyone can be a leader, leadership is not just for the select few — like CEO’s of major corporations, celebrities, political leaders and those with other major titles. Traditional thought was leadership has always been something for those with added charisma but leadership is for those who have passion and purpose to make a difference.

    Read More »

    How Did South Dakota Honey Bees Fare Last Year?

    The Bee Informed Partnership recently reported the preliminary results of their annual honey bee management survey. Overall, the total reported annual honey bee hive loss for 2015-2016 was 44.1 percent, which is higher than the 40.6 percent losses reported in 2014-2015. Summer hive losses were equal to winter hive losses with both at 28.1 percent.

    Read More »

    Farm Equipment, Safety on the Road, Everyone’s Role

    Spring brings the onset of an increase in farm activity as planting and the moving of livestock to pasture gets underway. As a result we will see an increase of encounters with farm equipment on the road, whether it is a tractor with a planter attached, a swather, a tractor and baler, someone hauling feed between farms, or the local elevator hauling fertilizer or heading out to spray crops for a producer. The point is we all need to be vigilant as a producer, ag industry person or a motorist encountering agricultural farm equipment on the road.

    Read More »

    Tips for Reducing Conflict During Agriculture’s Busy Time

    For those involved in the day-to-day workings of agriculture you know things are getting busier and busier as we move into spring. Calving season is in full swing meaning late night checks or even a 3 a.m. wake up call to make sure all is fine. Those involved in crop production are preparing equipment and making the necessary final seed orders to be ready to hit the field as soon as possible. The result is long days ahead for agricultural producers, their employees and families. In times like these, stress builds, tempers can get short and adequate communication can oftentimes fall by the wayside.

    Read More »

    Communication Means Listening Too

    Communication is becoming more and more challenging with the influx of social media in our society. Face-to-face discussions with people we work with on our farms and ranches, in our organizations or even our families continue to decline. The use of email surged and now it’s considered old school and communication in the social media world is by texting and many other new aspects keep entering our society every day.

    Read More »

    Grains of Truth: What is Folic Acid?

    January is National Birth Defects Prevention Month. Folic acid, a form of folate, has become a household word in recent years. Folic acid is a B vitamin that is used to fortify foods and has been shown to protect against neural tube defects such as spina bifida (a birth defect in which the spinal cord is not completely encased in bone) and anencephaly (a fatal defect in which part of the brain never develops). It may also prevent against oral and facial birth defects such as cleft palate.

    Read More »

    True Armyworm Scouting in Spring and Winter Wheat

    This week we received a report of caterpillars feeding on wheat heads. The insect in question turned out to be the true armyworm, which was also a pest of wheat in parts of South Dakota in 2015. Because winter wheat fields in many parts of South Dakota are nearly ready for harvest an infestation of true armyworm may result in head clipping, but an insecticide application would result in a delayed harvest that may range from 7 to 21 days depending on the active ingredient of the insecticide that is used.

    Read More »

    Differentiating Between Wheat Head Diseases and Disorders

    Several diseases and disorders can develop in wheat heads and insect pests can also affect the development of the wheat head. It is important to scout and determine which diseases/disorders are affecting your crop. This may help in making management decisions in order to minimize the impacts of these diseases. The following diseases and insect injury are being observed in wheat this season.

    Read More »

    Fungicide Application at Wheat Flowering: Using scab prediction tools to aid decision

    Winter wheat is beginning to flower or will soon be flowering throughout the state. This wheat growth stage is susceptible to scab or Fusarium head blight (FHB) development. Scab is caused by a fungal pathogen which infects wheat through the flower. Rainfall during wheat heading through post flowering is the main risk factor for scab.

    Read More »

    2016 SDSU Extension Wheat Walk Summary

    Last week, SDSU Extension Field and State Specialists were out in wheat fields near Watertown, Clark, Aberdeen, Pierre, and Wall for the annual Wheat Walks. We had a great turnout of attendees (producers and agronomists) and we think the well-timed rain event during the Wheat Walks may have worked in our favor. The SDSU Extension Wheat Walks were funded by the South Dakota Wheat Commission.

    Read More »

    Wheat Fungicide Applications: Apply at flag leaf or wait for flowering growth stage?

    With the rains that we’ve had so far throughout the state this spring, moderate levels of some wheat leaf diseases are developing, notably powdery mildew, stripe rust, and tan spot. Some producers are wondering whether to apply a fungicide now that wheat is at flag leaf growth stage, or wait and apply when the wheat is at flowering to manage both the leaf diseases and Fusarium head blight (FHB).

    Read More »

    Sustainability in the Loess Hills of Minnehaha County

    At the end of May, I had the opportunity to spend an afternoon touring the loess hills area of Minnehaha County with Anthony Bly, SDSU Extension Soils Field Specialist; Al Miron, SD Corn and SD Soil Health Coalition Board Member; and Jim Ristau, SD Corn Sustainability Director. Loess is defined as material transported and deposited by wind and consists primarily of silt-sized particles.

    Read More »

    Soil Stewardship for Healthy Landscapes

    During the middle of the 20th Century, a European visitor asked an Iowa farmer, “how deep does your black soil go?” to which the farmer is reported to have answered “All the way, I guess.” This rich, black topsoil, that has supported agriculture and, indeed, national prosperity since the time of settlement in the nineteenth century, resulted from long-term development beneath the extensive Great Plains prairies.

    Read More »

    SDDA Sensitive Site Registry: Protecting sensitive areas from chemical drift

    The SD Dept. of Ag. recently announced updates to the Sensitive Site Registry. First launched in 2013, the Sensitive Site Registry is designed for producers and applicators (private and commercial) to better understand where chemical and fertilizer drift and misapplications are to be avoided. This registry has the potential to be an excellent tool in fostering positive communications between those who apply chemicals and those who are concerned with drift, and SDDA specifically created the registry to provide information about farms and ranches that would be adversely affected by accidental fertilizer or pesticide application or drift.

    Read More »

    Spring Soil Temperatures

    Soil temperatures across South Dakota can be found online at the SDSU’s Climate and Weather web page. Temperatures are measured at the 4-inch depth in bare and vegetation covered (under perennial plants) soils. A look at the map of automatic weather stations across South Dakota, shows that soil temperatures on March 20, 2016 at the 4-inch depth in bare soils ranged from 34 to 45 degrees Fahrenheit. The soil temperatures at a 4-inch depth for vegetation covered soils ranged from 33 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit.

    Read More »

    Livestock Integration Positively Influences Soil Health & Nutrient Test Levels

    Soil health is recently a new term that encompasses 17 soil quality indicators used for describing soil that is resilient against negative climatic events that cause water and wind erosion. The Natural Resources and Conservation Service (NRCS) formerly the Soil Conservation Service is the ultimate source for any term, process or analytical procedure involving soil. The NRCS has identified the 17 soil health indicators, which include biological, chemical and physical properties.

    Read More »

    The South Dakota Wetland Exchange

    According to the South Dakota Farm Bureau, a proposal currently under review by the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) may soon create the framework for South Dakota’s first agricultural wetland mitigation bank. Wayne Smith, Wetlands & Land Use Specialist with the SD Farm Bureau, explained that the process began in 2014 when the Bureau received a SD NRCS Conservation Innovation Grant (CIG) to create the framework under which a mitigation bank would operate. That product was turned back over to SD NRCS in September 2015, which has since been elevated to Washington D.C. for review and approval.

    Read More »

    Don’t Forget the Small Grain in Rotations

    The current low prices of grain crops are adding to planting decision challenges in 2016. Reduced prices for corn, wheat, and soybeans, the three crops most commonly grown in South Dakota, will make it more important than ever for producers to use best management techniques to reduce risk and production costs. One tactic that can provide numerous benefits is to have diversity in the crop rotation.

    Read More »

    Immobilizing Nitrogen through the Use of Cover Crops

    It has been well-documented that annual precipitation across parts of South Dakota and the Midwest has increased over time. It does not come as a complete surprise then that we have seen an increase in the installation of subsurface tile drainage systems in eastern South Dakota. Tile drainage can reduce sediment erosion and particulate-bound phosphorus losses on agricultural land with poor natural drainage. Studies have also shown, however; that tile drainage may increase exports of soluble nutrients to surface waters such as nitrate-nitrogen and dissolved phosphorus.

    Read More »

    NRCS Cropping Systems Inventory: Landowner & agency cooperation important for soil health

    South Dakota NRCS State Conservationist Jeff Zimprich announced on December 1st the release of the latest South Dakota Cropping Systems Inventory (formerly referred to as the “CTIC residue management survey”) at the joint annual meeting of Ag Horizons and the South Dakota Association of Conservation Districts. The data contained in this inventory is valuable to anyone participating in agriculture and natural resource conservation in South Dakota.

    Read More »

    Sign Up For Email!

    • Field Staff Listing
    • South Dakota 4HOnline