Written by Bethany Stoutamire (Former SDSU Extension Aging in Place Coordinator AmeriCorps VISTA Member) under the direction and review of Leacey E. Brown.
Having reliable and affordable transportation is key to aging in place. While walkability is one important component of aging in place, sometimes walking is not a feasible mode of transportation due to weather or distance. In this article, we will discuss other modes of transportation and the critical role they play to aging in place.
According to the AARP, almost half of the trips taken in the United States are less than three miles long, yet only 3% of American trips are on bicycles compared to 60% of Dutch trips. Despite these statistics, 8 out of 10 Americans believe that biking is a “healthy, positive activity” and 60% say they would ride a bike if they felt safe doing so. Bicycling has economic benefits as well. Two-thirds of retailers on Valencia Street in San Francisco say that bike lanes have increased business and bicycle tourism has generated $60 million dollars in North Carolina’s Outer Banks
How then, can we make our communities more bicycle friendly? Citizens won’t cycle if they don’t feel safe. Creating separate bike lines, that are clearly marked and with a separate buffer for traffic is one way to ensure cyclists are safer. It’s also important that cyclists have destinations they can reach and a way to reach them. Maintaining, building, and improving bike trails in addition to repurposing abandoned infrastructure into bike trails are all methods that other communities have used to make their communities more cyclist friendly.
Driving a small sedan costs a little more than $6,900 a year, while driving a 4WD SUV costs a little more than $11,000 to operate each year- a lot of money on a fixed income. One alternative to this is ZipCar, a car sharing service, where individuals can reserve cars when they need them, but not pay for upkeep. Individuals are also driving later in life as well. 93% of men over the age of 50, still at least occasionally drive as do 83% of women over the age of 50, though these numbers decline as age increases. However, there are more options for older adults who don’t feel as comfortable driving. Lyft, a company that allows customers to pay and arrange for rides using a smartphone app, has recently expanded to South Dakota. A similar company, Uber, also offers a similar service in other states. In addition, as autonomous cars become more widely used they are expected to have additional benefits for older adults and people with disabilities and increase the ability of people to stay in their homes.
Public transportation is available in approximately 75% of urban areas compared to only 33% of rural areas. However, there are transportation services that are funded through the Older Americans Act that are available in 80% of rural areas and provide rides to older adults to and from medical appointments. Thus, rural transportation programs need to focus on flexibility, affordability, and availability to better enable older adults to age in place.
Just like building homes that better allow individuals to age in place will require creativity and innovation, so will developing transportation that is affordable for people of all ages in all types of communities.
Please stay tuned to the What is needed for aging in place? series to learn more about specific features of our homes and communities that have the largest impact on our independence.
References & Additional Readings:
- Autonomous Cars: Welcome to the Future
- AARP Bicycling Fact Sheet
- 5 Ways to Make Your Community More Bike Friendly
- 10 Ways Bicycle-Friendly Streets Are Good for People Who Don't Ride Bikes
- Owning and Operating Your Vehicle Just Got a Little Cheaper According to AAA’s 2014 ‘Your Driving Costs’ Study
- Why Older Americans Should Give Up Their Cars
- The Driverless Car is (Almost) Here
- Transportation Programs
Note: This article is for educational purposes only and is not meant as an endorsement of specific services or products.