How many times have you heard this? In regards to our communities and agricultural development we all need to remember that we are all under public scrutiny. Our actions whether a small or large producer can have monumental impact as we move forward with agriculture being the forefront of an economic base within communities and the state.
Since its beginning in 2010, the dairy Farmers Assuring Responsible Management (FARM) program has continuously encouraged America’s dairy farmers toward continuous improvement and success through science-based husbandry practices for animal health and well-being, food safety, and especially antibiotic stewardship. Every three years the FARM program is reviewed for updates. In January 2017, the new updates will be released in Version 3.0.
Within today’s society there is a lot of confusion about the food we consume. We as consumers need to truly take the time to understand “what” the label is telling us and the “why” behind the way a product is processed and given a particular label before it is presented to us as consumers for consumption. So my challenge to you, as end users is to take a few minutes to become informed before assuming something you have heard is a fact and look to credible sources for accurate information.
Dairy should be a part of everyone’s regular diet each day. Primarily, dairy products provide the human body with essential calcium and protein for regular body functioning. All fluid milk products and foods made from milk are categorized in the dairy food group on USDA’s MyPlate. In today’s society, Americans are constantly looking for products that offer the most nutritional value for their dollar. Additionally, on-the-go high protein products are of particular demand. In an effort to offer consumers a high quality liquid milk product with even more nutrition benefits, manufacturers have discovered a new processing technique known as an ultrafiltration process.
As the local county and state fairs start popping up around the Midwest it is time to get out and enjoy the sights, sounds, smells and taste of the fairs. There is nothing more fun than taking the kids to see all of the exhibits and vendors. Particular favorites for most families and young kids is the animal petting zoo or walking through the livestock exhibits. Even though the animals are healthy you still need to help teach your child proper preventative health care around the animals.
As a parent, one of the most important roles in your life is to teach your child healthy eating habits. Not only do you provide the food for your child to eat each day, but you also serve as a healthy role model to encourage the choices they make. Consider what beverages you are offering at home and reflect on the type of role modeling you are showing.
Bones are always being remodeled by the removal of old bone and replacement of new bone, so a key building block for bone health is calcium. Bones need continuous maintenance or they can become weak and break. If the diet is low in calcium, your body will take calcium from the bones to keep the calcium levels in your blood normal. Calcium is one nutrient children cannot afford to skip, so making milk and other calcium-rich foods a must in a child’s diet.
In nearly all food, feed or fuel applications for a whey product, whole or fractionated, the first step in the process is to pass the whey through a centrifugal separator to recover as much of the milk fat as is possible prior to any further processing. If the whey is going to be field applied as a fertilizer the separation step is often not undertaken although it could be cost effective depending upon the volume of whey being dealt with.
According to the Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary; Whey is “the serum or watery part of milk that is separated from the coagulable part or curd especially in the process of making cheese and that is rich in lactose, minerals and vitamins and contains lactalbumin and traces of fat”.
Yogurt has been around for ages and is actually one of the world’s oldest processed foods. Today yogurt is readily available; it is commonly savored as a health snack and utilized in a variety of recipes.
It is National Farm Safety Week (September 16-22nd) which also serves as a safety reminder for those involved in agriculture. Silage harvest has been going for a couple of weeks and soybean harvest has started in parts of South Dakota.
Farmers often look for ways to increase revenue. In the Upper Great Plains it might not be economical, or practical, to plant another grain crop during the growing year, however, cover crops should be considered as they provide multiple benefits.
One of the most important steps to make good silage is to cut it at the proper moisture level. The optimum moisture range for cutting corn and making silage is between 60-70% moisture (30-40% dry matter).
Have you ever thought about how some years get labeled “bad years” for a certain animal disease? There is still talk of how early 2018 was a “bad year” for calf scours. Likewise, there are “bad years” for calf pneumonia and even “bad years” for breeding on pasture.
Although belonging to the family Bovidae (bison, cattle, sheep, etc.), and sharing some characteristics with their ruminant cousins, goats are unique. They are represented worldwide by two genus: Oreamnos and Capra.
Teffgrass is a summer annual forage for livestock and commercial hay producers who often need a fast growing forage with competitive forage quality. There has been a growing interest in teff as a forage crop because of its ability to produce higher biomass in a short time period during the growing season.
Haying season is well underway and yields are shaping up better than last year thanks to the much needed moisture. For many alfalfa and grass hay harvesters, the main cutting has been cut and bound with binding materials such as net wrap or twine.
We often don’t focus as much on heat stress in young dairy calves and tend to focus more on cold stress. However, it is just as important and producers or calf raisers should have a plan in place to help mitigate heat stress in these animals also.
First cutting is the most important and critical of the alfalfa growing season. A late start of this growing season will determine multiple things during this year’s production.
With the recent higher temperatures in the upper 80 F° and low 90 F° range along with high humidity levels we will start to incur heat stress in livestock. Producers need to review their “game plan” for summer and be ready for warmer weather to help minimize the effects of heat stress in dairy herds.
Odor can be an important point of discussion during livestock development projects across our state. Ms. Suraiya Akter is a Master’s Degree Student in the SDSU Ag & Biosystems Engineering Department. She is developing an odor management plan template for voluntary adoption in the state of South Dakota with her advisors Drs. Erin Cortus and Joe Darrington.
In preparation for 2018, several members of the South Dakota North American Manure Expo (NAME) planning committee traveled to Arlington, WI on August 22-23 to attend the 2017 Expo, hosted by the University of Wisconsin Cooperative Extension and partners.
Los granos de destilería de maíz (DDGS) son valorados por los nutricionistas de rumiantes debido a su alta concentración en nutrientes. Durante la producción de etanol, la mayor parte del almidón del maíz es fermentado lo que lleva a que casi se triplique la concentración del resto de sus nutrientes.
Plants of the Brassicacea family (canola, camelina, carinata) are rich in glucosinolates. Glucosinolates are compounds that by themselves are non-harmful. When degraded during chewing and digestion however, they form substances that cause a bitter taste which affects the preference for the meal, therefore, potentially decreasing the intake of oilseed meals.
Corn distillers dried grains (DDGS) are valued by ruminant nutritionists because of their high nutrient concentration. During ethanol production most of the starch in corn is fermented which leads to a nearly three-fold concentration of the rest of its nutrients.
In late years, limit-fed nutrient dense diets at a set rate or proportion of body weight of growing dairy heifers has been proved to improve digestibility of nutrients and feed efficiency, while maintaining growth performance. Additionally, using dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) as part of limit-fed diets improved digestibility of crude protein and fiber compared to a corn and soybean product based diet.
The South Dakota State University (SDSU) Dairy and Food Science department recently conducted some initial preliminary research on feeding dairy heifers soluble syrup residues resulting from a microbial (fungal) treatment process of soybean meal. This fungal treatment process was originally developed for manufacturing Aquaculture feeds.
The dairy industry faces a labor shortage and with the uncertainty associated with the U.S. immigration issues, there seems to be only one direction, forward. The time has come to search for solutions and establish new collaborations. To help facilitate bringing farmers with solutions for the lack of skilled and available workers a team from SDSU Extension proposed to build a legal agreement between Puerto Rico and South Dakota.
We often check the weather before heading out the door and decide if we need a coat or not. But is the clothing we are wearing protecting us or could it add increased risk as we perform our job? A good share of producers on dairy farms, are now providing their employees with some type of uniform or clothing stipend. As a dairy producer there are some things to consider as you select your personal attire or that of your employees.
The dairy industry is constantly evolving resulting in a desire to learn from early adopters within the industry. To help facilitate this learning evolution, the I-29 Moo University has hosted a series of fall dairy tours in the I-29 Dairy Corridor which has allowed participants to learn firsthand from tour host sites. This year the tour area was located in central Minnesota and went to Riverview Farms, LLP located at Morris, MN and Redhead Creamery, LLC at Brooten, MN on October 26th, 2016.
One of the most difficult things for farm managers/owners to master is coaching employees for optimal performance. Just like becoming an 85% free throw shooter on the basketball court, it takes practice.
Recently, I attended the Commodity Classic in Anaheim, CA and had the pleasure of listening to Keni Thomas, a Staff Sergeant with the Army 3rd Ranger Battalion who was deployed to Mogadishu, Somalia.
The South Dakota BQA Coordinator position was formerly held within the South Dakota Beef Industry Council (SDBIC) office. In 2018, SDSU Extension was asked by the South Dakota BQA Steering Committee to manage the South Dakota BQA Program.
The beef supply chain is made up of a lot of people! People that care for newborn calves, feed cattle, transport cattle, harvest the meat, and prepare that meat for someone’s meal.
As the American farm continues to grow and evolve, the need for extra labor within these operations is also exhibiting the same parallel trend. Unfortunately, many of us as agriculture producers did not sign on to become human resource managers, when we entered into the occupation of agricultural production.
Within the dairy industry there is a high percentage of contact time between animals and human beings on a daily basis. So how are these injuries occurring? Many victims of animal injuries are the result of being stepped on, kicked, fallen on, crushed by cows or mauled by dairy bulls and gored by animals that have not been dehorned.
As agricultural livestock producers, we should know the dangers of manure pit gases. We should know they can be toxic and even deadly. The gases referred to are methane, hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide and ammonia.
Many producers know and understand the risk associated with confined manure handling systems but accidents and deaths still occur because unwarranted risks are taken as manure is being handled and removed from the confined manure handling systems.
Within agricultural production a good share of livestock producers perform routine veterinary work themselves. This includes administering vaccinations or treatments for common disease or sickness. A result of performing this type of work there is increased risk for injury do to a needle stick injury.
Recently the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services updated the I-9 Form, which is used to verify the identity and work eligibility of every employee. The new I-9 Form, which is coded with the 07/17/17N in the lower left hand of the document should be used for all new employees hired after September 18, 2017.
During the October 3rd Animal Care Wednesday Webinar, updates regarding “ag gag” litigation in the United States were shared. Dave Aiken, Agricultural Law Specialist with University of Nebraska-Lincoln, discussed the most recent farm animal legislation trends and cases, which states are involved, and considerations for the sensitive topics.
SDSU Extension publishes the Livestock Newsletter to provide South Dakota producers, industry professionals and consumers with timely research-based recommendations.
March is National Nutrition Month® and this year the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics encourages Americans to "Go Further with Food." When it comes to food and nutrition, one thing most health professionals agree on is we could all benefit from eating more fruits and vegetables.
January 3, 2018 kicked off the 2018 Animal Care Wednesday Webinar series. Keeping animals healthy is always the first priority of every animal caregiver, young and old. Dr. Dustin Oedekoven, State Veterinarian in South Dakota, provided listeners with a great list of the common diseases to be aware of and watch for in animals for show or exhibition
As South Dakota producers affected by severe drought have either made non-traditional livestock sales or plan to sell a larger than normal number of breeding animals in 2017, this article provides information and examples about two different tax treatments producers should be talking to their tax advisor or consultant about.
During the July 5th Animal Care Wednesday Webinar, we discussed reminders for ruminant nutrition and choosing economical management practices. Alfredo DiCostanzo, Professor of Beef Cattle Nutrition & Management with the University of Minnesota, presented general reminders of ruminant nutrition and valuable considerations for feeding management.
Successful hay storage is essential to preserving high quality forage, while ensuring desired performance from livestock and deterring economic losses from unwanted hay storage fires. The predominant reason that fires occur in hay is because of excessive moisture in the plant residue that results in heating when it is baled or stacked for long term storage.
Dry conditions this year have reminded many how quickly fires can ignite causing damage, destroying equipment, future feedstuffs and hopefully NOT injuring you in the process. We need to be cognizant at all times of the potential for fires to start while baling hay or straw and take measures to minimize the potential of a fire occurring.
The scene of an accident is not the place to build your team! The BERP program was the featured discussion for the May Animal Care Wednesday Webinar. Lisa Pederson with North Dakota State University discussed how and why the program began, who the audience is for the program, and the impact this program is having.
During the April 5th Animal Care Wednesday Webinar, we received updates regarding “ag gag” litigation in the United States. Dave Aiken, Agricultural Law Specialist with University of Nebraska-Lincoln, discussed the most recent farm animal legislation trends and cases, which states are involved, and considerations for the sensitive topics.