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    Congenital Limb Deformities in Horses

    This article discusses congenital deformities in horses. “Congenital” refers to a condition that is present from birth. “Deformity” refers to the state of being malformed or misshapen. This discussion will focus on conformation, health, and well-being aspects affected by congenital deformities in horses. There are many congenital deformities, but we will focus on contracted flexor tendons and angular limb deformities.

    Read More »

    Equine Viral Arteritis

    Equine viral arteritis (EVA) is a viral infection of horses caused by the equine arteritis virus. EVA leads to respiratory illness, inflammation, bleeding, and abortion in pregnant mares, creating significant economic losses to the equine industry. The disease is caused by an enveloped RNA virus, which infects equine species. The virus is environmentally sensitive, meaning that it is generally not able to persist outside of the horse, though it can persist longer in a cold environment.

    Read More »

    New Concepts in Parasite Control in Adult Horses

    Recommendations for intestinal parasite control in adult horses are changing. These changes are based on new evidence for the types of parasites commonly affecting horses as well as the development of parasite populations that are becoming resistant to treatment with an anthelmintic (de-wormer). Evidence now exists to suggest that adult horses tend to vary greatly in both their susceptibility to parasites as well as in their tendency to shed, or release parasite eggs into the environment.

    Read More »

    Equitarian Initiative 2016 Costa Rica Workshop: Perspectives of an SDSU student

    On January 22, 2016, Dr. Becky Bott and two undergraduate students, Jordan Nichols and Brittney Schlaikjer, traveled to Costa Rica to do just that. These SDSU delegates, along with many other students, veterinarians and veterinary techs, joined the Equitarian Initiative 2016 Workshop in Costa Rica and spent 9 days working in the blistering Costa Rican heat treating the working equids of the country.

    Read More »

    Where Do the Sharps Go?

    I gave my animal a shot, now what? Animals receive shots for various reasons throughout their life, just like people. Sometimes they are used to prevent diseases, in the case of vaccinations; and sometimes they are used to help an animal recover from a bacterial illness, as with antibiotics. Regardless of why the animal received a shot, it is important to dispose of the needle in a safe way.

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    Anticoagulant Use and Hemorrhage in Horses

    Anticoagulant rodenticides such as brodifacoum, diphacinone, bromadiolone, and chlorophacinone are used as pest control at various horse racing facilities. Targeted animals that ingest anticoagulant rodenticides generally develop hemorrhagic diathesis, which in most cases can result in death. The main effect of anticoagulant rodenticides on the body is the inhibition of vitamin K-dependent clotting factors.

    Read More »

    Superbugs from Livestock Care Practices?

    During the September Animal Care Wednesday Webinar, Dr. Gretchen Hill, Michigan State University Professor of Nutrition, began her presentation regarding antibiotic resistant bacteria with a powerful statement highlighting a misconception of society that current livestock care practices could be producing an unsafe food source.

    Read More »

    Congenital Limb Deformities in Horses

    This article discusses congenital deformities in horses. “Congenital” refers to a condition that is present from birth. “Deformity” refers to the state of being malformed or misshapen. This discussion will focus on conformation, health, and well-being aspects affected by congenital deformities in horses. There are many congenital deformities, but we will focus on contracted flexor tendons and angular limb deformities.

    Read More »

    Equine Viral Arteritis

    Equine viral arteritis (EVA) is a viral infection of horses caused by the equine arteritis virus. EVA leads to respiratory illness, inflammation, bleeding, and abortion in pregnant mares, creating significant economic losses to the equine industry. The disease is caused by an enveloped RNA virus, which infects equine species. The virus is environmentally sensitive, meaning that it is generally not able to persist outside of the horse, though it can persist longer in a cold environment.

    Read More »

    New Concepts in Parasite Control in Adult Horses

    Recommendations for intestinal parasite control in adult horses are changing. These changes are based on new evidence for the types of parasites commonly affecting horses as well as the development of parasite populations that are becoming resistant to treatment with an anthelmintic (de-wormer). Evidence now exists to suggest that adult horses tend to vary greatly in both their susceptibility to parasites as well as in their tendency to shed, or release parasite eggs into the environment.

    Read More »

    Drought

    As South Dakota's farmers, ranchers and communities deal with the challenges brought on by drought conditions impacting more than half the state, SDSU Extension is connecting individuals with resources and research-based information.

    Read More »

    Minimizing Hay Storage Loss from Heating or Fires

    Successful hay storage is essential to preserving high quality forage, while ensuring desired performance from livestock and deterring economic losses from unwanted hay storage fires.  The predominant reason that fires occur in hay is because of excessive moisture in the plant residue that results in heating when it is baled or stacked for long term storage.

    Read More »

    Heat Exhaustion & Stroke: Protecting yourself and your employees

    For those whose livelihood depends upon working outdoors or in less than favorable conditions, the coming weeks look to be quite difficult with higher than normal temperatures and humidity predicted. For example, cows still need to be milked and fed, barns are not air conditioned, even though there is emphasis on cow comfort through ventilation and cooling, we sometimes get lax on also protecting ourselves and employees from the effects of heat.

    Read More »

    Preventing an Unwanted Baler Fire

    Dry conditions this year have reminded many how quickly fires can ignite causing damage, destroying equipment, future feedstuffs and hopefully NOT injuring you in the process. We need to be cognizant at all times of the potential for fires to start while baling hay or straw and take measures to minimize the potential of a fire occurring.

    Read More »

    SDDA Sensitive Site Registry: Protecting sensitive areas from chemical drift

    The SD Dept. of Ag. recently announced updates to the Sensitive Site Registry. First launched in 2013, the Sensitive Site Registry is designed for producers and applicators (private and commercial) to better understand where chemical and fertilizer drift and misapplications are to be avoided. This registry has the potential to be an excellent tool in fostering positive communications between those who apply chemicals and those who are concerned with drift, and SDDA specifically created the registry to provide information about farms and ranches that would be adversely affected by accidental fertilizer or pesticide application or drift.

    Read More »

    Congenital Limb Deformities in Horses

    This article discusses congenital deformities in horses. “Congenital” refers to a condition that is present from birth. “Deformity” refers to the state of being malformed or misshapen. This discussion will focus on conformation, health, and well-being aspects affected by congenital deformities in horses. There are many congenital deformities, but we will focus on contracted flexor tendons and angular limb deformities.

    Read More »

    Equine Viral Arteritis

    Equine viral arteritis (EVA) is a viral infection of horses caused by the equine arteritis virus. EVA leads to respiratory illness, inflammation, bleeding, and abortion in pregnant mares, creating significant economic losses to the equine industry. The disease is caused by an enveloped RNA virus, which infects equine species. The virus is environmentally sensitive, meaning that it is generally not able to persist outside of the horse, though it can persist longer in a cold environment.

    Read More »

    State 4-H Horse Show: Advance access to show patterns creates positive experiences

    The South Dakota State 4-H Horse show is an opportunity for youth to demonstrate new and improved horsemanship skills. Despite the fact that the event is designed to be youth-oriented and that it involves horses, horse shows can, at times, provide a source of stress for contestants. One possible cause for stress is that youth need to learn horse show patterns; historically, these patterns were often posted within hours of the start of the show.

    Read More »

    Equitarian Initiative 2016 Costa Rica Workshop: Perspectives of an SDSU student

    On January 22, 2016, Dr. Becky Bott and two undergraduate students, Jordan Nichols and Brittney Schlaikjer, traveled to Costa Rica to do just that. These SDSU delegates, along with many other students, veterinarians and veterinary techs, joined the Equitarian Initiative 2016 Workshop in Costa Rica and spent 9 days working in the blistering Costa Rican heat treating the working equids of the country.

    Read More »

    Animal Well-being in South Dakota: Survey closes June 30th

    The SDSU Extension team is conducting a survey to investigate questions about the current level of care being offered to animals and the perceptions people have about animal well-being in South Dakota. The goal of the survey is to gain understanding about the current perceptions of animal well-being in South Dakota, with an emphasis on horses. As the study continues, additional information on other livestock species may be collected.

    Read More »

    We Need Your Help: Investigating Animal Well-being in South Dakota

    What is the current level of care being offered to animals in South Dakota? What perceptions about animal well-being exist in South Dakota? What educational resources are you looking for to learn more about animal well-being and on-farm care? Are you curious to know the answers? So are we.

    Read More »

    Superbugs from Livestock Care Practices?

    During the September Animal Care Wednesday Webinar, Dr. Gretchen Hill, Michigan State University Professor of Nutrition, began her presentation regarding antibiotic resistant bacteria with a powerful statement highlighting a misconception of society that current livestock care practices could be producing an unsafe food source.

    Read More »

    Farm Safety: Making it a daily habit

    We know that agriculture ranks as one of the most dangerous occupations causing an estimated 167 lost-work-time injuries on a daily basis, of which 5% result in permanent impairment, according to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. In addition, approximately 20 farm workers per 100,000 die annually, with the leading cause of these deaths being tractor overturns.

    Read More »

    So You Think You Want to Raise Backyard Chickens?

    As families desire to raise their own food, more people are beginning to raise chickens and other poultry in urban and suburban areas. When people bring poultry into communities and their backyards, issues can arise. Dr. Jacquie Jacob, University of Kentucky Poultry Extension Project Manager, presented some of these challenges during the August Animal Care Wednesday Webinar.

    Read More »

    New Concepts in Parasite Control in Adult Horses

    Recommendations for intestinal parasite control in adult horses are changing. These changes are based on new evidence for the types of parasites commonly affecting horses as well as the development of parasite populations that are becoming resistant to treatment with an anthelmintic (de-wormer). Evidence now exists to suggest that adult horses tend to vary greatly in both their susceptibility to parasites as well as in their tendency to shed, or release parasite eggs into the environment.

    Read More »

    Minimizing Hay Storage Loss from Heating or Fires

    Successful hay storage is essential to preserving high quality forage, while ensuring desired performance from livestock and deterring economic losses from unwanted hay storage fires.  The predominant reason that fires occur in hay is because of excessive moisture in the plant residue that results in heating when it is baled or stacked for long term storage.

    Read More »

    Heat Exhaustion & Stroke: Protecting yourself and your employees

    For those whose livelihood depends upon working outdoors or in less than favorable conditions, the coming weeks look to be quite difficult with higher than normal temperatures and humidity predicted. For example, cows still need to be milked and fed, barns are not air conditioned, even though there is emphasis on cow comfort through ventilation and cooling, we sometimes get lax on also protecting ourselves and employees from the effects of heat.

    Read More »

    Preventing an Unwanted Baler Fire

    Dry conditions this year have reminded many how quickly fires can ignite causing damage, destroying equipment, future feedstuffs and hopefully NOT injuring you in the process. We need to be cognizant at all times of the potential for fires to start while baling hay or straw and take measures to minimize the potential of a fire occurring.

    Read More »

    SDDA Sensitive Site Registry: Protecting sensitive areas from chemical drift

    The SD Dept. of Ag. recently announced updates to the Sensitive Site Registry. First launched in 2013, the Sensitive Site Registry is designed for producers and applicators (private and commercial) to better understand where chemical and fertilizer drift and misapplications are to be avoided. This registry has the potential to be an excellent tool in fostering positive communications between those who apply chemicals and those who are concerned with drift, and SDDA specifically created the registry to provide information about farms and ranches that would be adversely affected by accidental fertilizer or pesticide application or drift.

    Read More »

    Focus on Grazing Management, Not Grazing ‘Systems’

    The Society for Range Management held its 69th annual conference in Corpus Christi Texas in February. This year’s theme was ‘Wildlife and Range’, and as always, the conference was filled with many informative presentations by individuals working and living in wildlife and rangeland fields. 

    Read More »

    Extending a Gait

    In many horse show patterns, the judge will challenge the competitors by asking for an extension of a walk, trot, or canter. Extending a gait involves engaging the hind end of the horse so they can lengthen their stride while still being supple through their body. This should not cause the rhythm or speed of the gait to change in any way. Extension is the lengthening of a stride, not the quickening of the stride.

    Read More »

    Turning on the Forehand

    A turn on the forehand is an advanced maneuver for horses and riders. A definition provided by George Morris says, “This exercise means that the horse’s haunches move in a circular track around the forehand, which remains close to stationary and acts almost as a pivot." Turning on the forehand is similar to a turn on the haunches, but the front hoof on the side you are turning towards becomes the pivot point.

    Read More »

    State 4-H Horse Show: Advance access to show patterns creates positive experiences

    The South Dakota State 4-H Horse show is an opportunity for youth to demonstrate new and improved horsemanship skills. Despite the fact that the event is designed to be youth-oriented and that it involves horses, horse shows can, at times, provide a source of stress for contestants. One possible cause for stress is that youth need to learn horse show patterns; historically, these patterns were often posted within hours of the start of the show.

    Read More »

    An Aid for Preparing Livestock Judging Oral Reasons

    Giving reasons is one of the most useful things you will have the opportunity to do while judging livestock. Preparing and giving reasons helps develop memory and public speaking skills, all while participating in an industry based activity. However, regardless of if you are just starting or at the college level, they can be a tough task to complete and be successful at. This article will give you a better understanding of how to accomplish the experience and score you wish to achieve. 

    Read More »

    Animal Well-being in South Dakota: Survey closes June 30th

    The SDSU Extension team is conducting a survey to investigate questions about the current level of care being offered to animals and the perceptions people have about animal well-being in South Dakota. The goal of the survey is to gain understanding about the current perceptions of animal well-being in South Dakota, with an emphasis on horses. As the study continues, additional information on other livestock species may be collected.

    Read More »

    We Need Your Help: Investigating Animal Well-being in South Dakota

    What is the current level of care being offered to animals in South Dakota? What perceptions about animal well-being exist in South Dakota? What educational resources are you looking for to learn more about animal well-being and on-farm care? Are you curious to know the answers? So are we.

    Read More »

    Equine Seminar: Growing Through Knowledge

    An equine seminar was hosted on the campus of South Dakota State University August 16. The seminar, hosted by Extension Equine Specialist, Dr. Becky Bott, was comprised of eight seminars given by experts from around the U.S. The topics of rotational grazing and nutritional benefits of pastures were discussed by Laura Kenny and Dr. Carey Williams of Rutgers, New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station.

    Read More »

    Livestock Husbandry & Handling Workshop: Dr. Temple Grandin in Watertown, SD

    South Dakota is a strong agricultural state with large numbers of livestock being raised by farmers and ranchers. On August 5, 2014, Dr. Temple Grandin will be back in South Dakota for the second Raising the Best: Livestock Husbandry and Handling for Today’s Market workshop this summer held in Watertown, SD. This workshop is hosted by South Dakota Farmers Union in partnership with SDSU Extension. The workshop is made possible by a grant through the USDA.

    Read More »

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